Online Poker Glossary
Maniac: A player who does a lot of hyper-aggressive raising, betting, and bluffing. A true maniac is not a good player. A player who occasionally acts like a maniac and confuses his opponents is quite dangerous.
Made Hand: A hand to which you're drawing, or one good enough that it doesn't need to improve.
Micro-Limit: Games so small that they couldn't be profitably dealt in a real card room. They exist only at
online poker sites.
Muck: The pile of folded and burned cards in front of the dealer. Also used as a verb.
Narrowing the Field: To bet or raise in the hopes that you will drive out some players whose hands are currently worse than yours, but who might improve if allowed to stay in.
No-Limit: A version of poker in which a player may bet any amount of chips (up to the number in front of him) whenever it is his turn to act. It is a very different game from limit poker
Nuts: The best possible hand given the board. If the board is Ks-Jd-Ts-4s-2h, then As-Xs is the nuts. You will occasionally hear the term applied to the best possible hand of a certain category.
Texas Hold'em starting hand with two cards of different suits.
One-Gap: A Hold'em starting hand with two cards two apart in rank. Examples: J9s, 64.
Out: A card that will make your hand win. Normally heard in the plural. Example: "Any spade will make my flush, so I have nine outs."
Outrun: To beat. Example: "Susie outran my set when her flush card hit on the river."
Overcall: To call a bet after one or more others players have already called.
Over-card: A card higher than any card on the board. For instance, if you have A-Q and the flop comes J-7-3, you don't have a pair, but you have two over-cards.
Over-pair: A pocket pair higher than any card on the flop. If you have Q-Q and the flop comes J-8-3, you have an over-pair.
Pat: A hand that you make on the flop. For instance, if you have two spades in your hand and the flop has three spades, then you've flopped a pat spade flush.
Pay Off: To call a bet when the bettor is representing a hand that you can't beat, but the pot is sufficiently large to justify a call anyway.
Play the Board: To show down a hand in Hold'em when your cards don't make a hand any better than is shown on the board. For instance, if you have 2-2, and the board is 4-4-9-9-A (no flush possible), then you must "play the board": the best possible hand you can make doesn't use any of your cards. Note that if you play the board, the best you can do is split the pot with all remaining players.
Pocket: Your unique cards that only you can see. For instance, "He had pocket sixes" (a pair of sixes), or "I had ace-king in the pocket.
Pocket Pair: A Hold'em starting hand with two cards of the same rank, making a pair. Example: "I had big pocket pairs seven times in the first hour. What else can you ask for?"
Post: To put in a blind bet, generally required when you first sit down in a card room game. You may also be required to post a blind if you change seats at the table in a way that moves you away from the blinds.
Pot: The money in the center of the table, being contested by the players still remaining in the hand.
Pot-committed: A state where you are essentially forced to call the rest of your stack because of the size of the pot and your remaining chips.
Pot-Limit: A version of poker in which a player may bet up to the amount of money in the pot whenever it is his turn to act. Like no-limit, this is a very different game from limit poker.
Pot Odds: The amount of money in the pot compared to the amount you must put in the pot to continue playing.
Price: The pot odds you are getting for a draw or call.
Protect: To keep your hand or a chip on your cards. This prevents them from being fouled by a discarded hand, or accidentally mucked by the dealer. Or to invest more money in a pot so blind money that you've already put in isn't "wasted".
Put On: To mentally assign a hand to a player for the purposes of playing out your hand.
Quads: Four cards of a kind.
Ragged: A flop (or board) that doesn't appear to help anybody very much. A flop that came down Jd-6h-2c would look ragged.
Rainbow: A flop that contains three different suits, thus no flush can be made on the turn. Can also mean a complete five card board that has no more than two of any suit, thus no flush is possible.
Rake: An amount of money taken out of every pot by the dealer. This is the card room's income.
Rank: The numerical value of a card (as opposed to its suit). Example: "jack," "seven."
Re-buy: An option to buy back into a tournament after you've lost all your chips. Tournaments may offer one or more re-buys or (often) none at all.
Represent: To play as if you hold a certain hand. For instance, if you raised before the flop, and then raised again when the flop came ace high, you would be representing at least an ace with a good kicker.
Ring Game: A regular poker game as opposed to a tournament. Also referred to as a "live" game since actual money is in play instead of tournament chips.
River: The fifth and final community card, put out face up, by itself. Also known as "fifth street.
Rock: A player who plays very tight, not very creatively. He raises only with the best hands. A real rock is fairly predictable: if he raises you on the river, you can throw away just about anything but the nuts.
Runner: Typically said "runner-runner" to describe a hand that was made only by catching the correct cards on both the turn and the river.
Example: "He made a runner-runner flush to beat my trips." See also "backdoor."
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